Specific Information Service
BHUBANESWAR: Farmers, who concern their indigenous rooster breeds will develop into extinct following outbreak of bird-flu, have a motive to cheer.
A biotechnologist claims to have made a breakthrough in preserving rooster germplasm with the assistance of cryo-banking know-how to safe and revive pure-line breeds. Principal Investigator (PI) of a analysis venture funded by Biotechnology Trade Analysis Help Council (BIRAC) Dr Adnan Naim mentioned the indigenous rooster breeds may be bio-banked as a back-up technique and stored in cryo vials maintained in liquid nitrogen for infinite interval.
Although earlier cryo-banking know-how was used for cattle and buffalo breeds within the nation, no vital progress was achieved so far as poultry is worried. Naim, a local of Uttar Pradesh, determined to work on it after he got here throughout the know-how which was used to preserve a wild hen species of UAE.
After completion of his PhD from Griffith College, Australia, he determined to work on the know-how for preservation of poultry species and it gained tempo throughout his analysis underneath the BIRAC venture at KIIT-Know-how Enterprise Incubator (TBI).
“Poultry germplasm may be bio-banked by way of cryo-preservation of Primordial Germ Cells (PGCs). My analysis discovering is a proof-of-concept to preserve many economically-valuable poultry breeds, together with the prized native chickens, of the nation. Up to now, bio-banking of Kadaknath and Aseel has been profitable,” he mentioned.
The outbreak of bird-flu in Chhattisgarh and Odisha final month had led to culling of 1000’s of poultry inflicting big loss to analysis institutes like OUAT the place many seed shares, scientifically necessary for the establishment, have been culled and disposed of securely.
“At the moment there is no such thing as a various to safeguard rooster germplasm apart from sustaining shares of sizeable quantity (at the very least 1000 dwell breeders, together with each sexes) at a number of areas. It provides financial burden to breeders and public alike. However with bio-banking, we must inventory solely 10 to 20 breeders,” Naim mentioned.
The know-how can even assist revive species of endangered birds or nationwide significance. He plans to work with Nandankanan Zoo for conservation of vulture species. “I’ve approached the zoo authorities. We will harvest gonads from the egg or useless vulture after which cell may be extracted and preserved for breeding. Our subsequent programme is to go for trials on different poultry or birds species,” he added.
Principal Scientist at ICAR-CARI Dr SK Mishra and Affiliate Professor of IIT Indore Debasis Nayak mentored the analysis venture.