FAA’s Dealing with of Boeing 737 MAX Points Faulted in Transportation Division Evaluate



Security fixes after the primary Boeing Co. 737 MAX crash grew to become snarled in Federal Aviation Administration delays and repetitive analyses, losing any likelihood U.S. regulators needed to stop the second deadly accident, in accordance with an investigation by the Transportation Division’s inside watchdog.

The 52-page report launched Wednesday reiterated beforehand recognized lapses by the FAA and Boeing throughout preliminary security approval of the MAX, nevertheless it additionally raised further questions in regards to the seeming lack of urgency either side displayed…



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FAA’s Dealing with of Boeing 737 MAX Points Faulted in Transportation Division Evaluate



Security fixes after the primary Boeing Co. 737 MAX crash turned snarled in Federal Aviation Administration delays and repetitive analyses, losing any likelihood U.S. regulators needed to stop the second deadly accident, in keeping with an investigation by the Transportation Division’s inner watchdog.

The 52-page report launched Wednesday reiterated beforehand identified lapses by the FAA and Boeing throughout preliminary security approval of the MAX, however it additionally raised further questions in regards to the seeming lack of urgency either side displayed…



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Iran Points Arrest Warrant For Trump That Interpol Rejects



TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — Iran has issued an arrest warrant and requested Interpol for assist in detaining President Donald Trump and dozens of others it believes carried out the U.S. drone strike that killed a high Iranian normal in Baghdad, a neighborhood prosecutor reportedly stated Monday.

Interpol later stated it wouldn’t take into account Iran’s request, that means Trump faces no hazard of arrest. Nevertheless, the fees underscore the heightened tensions between Iran and the USA since Trump unilaterally withdrew America from Tehran’s nuclear take care of world powers.

Tehran prosecutor Ali Alqasimehr stated Trump and 35 others whom Iran accuses of involvement within the Jan. three strike that killed Gen. Qassem Soleimani in Baghdad face “homicide and terrorism fees,” the state-run IRNA information company reported.

Alqasimehr didn’t establish anybody else sought aside from Trump, however harassed that Iran would proceed to pursue his prosecution even after his presidency ends.

Alqasimehr additionally was quoted as saying that Iran requested a “crimson discover” be put out for Trump and the others, which represents the highest-level arrest request issued by Interpol. Native authorities typically make the arrests on behalf of the nation that requests it. The notices can not pressure international locations to arrest or extradite suspects, however can put authorities leaders on the spot and restrict suspects’ journey.

After receiving a request, Interpol meets by committee and discusses whether or not or to not share the data with its member states. Interpol has no requirement for making any of the notices public, although some do get revealed on its web site.

Interpol later issued an announcement saying its tips for notices forbids it from “any intervention or actions of a political” nature.

Interpol “wouldn’t take into account requests of this nature,” it stated.

Brian Hook, the U.S. particular consultant for Iran, dismissed the arrest warrant announcement throughout a information convention in Saudi Arabia on Monday.

“It’s a propaganda stunt that nobody takes significantly and makes the Iranians look silly,” Hook stated.

The U.S. killed Soleimani, who oversaw the Revolutionary Guard’s expeditionary Quds Pressure, and others within the January strike close to Baghdad Worldwide Airport. It got here after months of rising tensions between the 2 international locations. Iran retaliated with a ballistic missile strike concentrating on American troops in Iraq.

Related Press writers Jon Gambrell in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and Angela Charlton in Paris contributed to this report.





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‘Dungeons & Dragons’ Race Points Have Deep Roots In The World Of Fantasy


Wizards of the Coast — the corporate behind the self-proclaimed “world’s biggest role-playing sport,” “Dungeons & Dragons” — has dedicated to stressing diversity and eradicating racially problematic language from its product line, and followers are holding the corporate to account for its guarantees.

“Dungeons & Dragons,” generally referred to as D&D, is a sport by which a gaggle of gamers creates characters, rolls cube and navigates a narrative overseen by a Dungeon Grasp. Initially created in 1974, the sport issued a fifth version in 2014 that turned its hottest, particularly after livestreaming platforms such as Twitch and shows such as Netflix’s “Stranger Things” launched D&D to new audiences.

The sport’s newfound reputation, nevertheless, has additionally invited critiques. Critics have identified that when creating a personality, D&D gamers should select a “race” — resembling an elf, dwarf or gnome — and that this utilization of the phrase is technically a misnomer.

The D&D website invites players to "explore your heritage" and choose a race.



The D&D web site invitations gamers to “discover your heritage” and select a race.

“‘Races’ in D&D are basically totally different than our idea of ‘races’ in the actual world,” medievalist Paul B. Sturtevant informed HuffPost. “In D&D, races are based mostly in deep organic variations, whereas we all know that in the actual world, race is a social assemble based mostly upon arbitrary and superficial variations. Utilizing the phrase ‘race’ within the sport the place they actually imply one thing extra like ‘species’ promotes racist concepts.” 

In a 2017 article, Sturtevant wrote that D&D’s thought of “race” is a holdover from “The Lord of the Rings” and writer J.R.R. Tolkien, who “conflat[ed] race, tradition and talent.” 

In his novel, Tolkien outlined “the ‘racial’ traits of males, of dwarves, of elves, of orcs,” Sturtevant wrote, including that Tolkien “created the blueprint for the troubling relationship between race and fantasy that may govern twentieth-century fantasies.”

This blueprint has been dissected by teachers resembling Helen Younger of Australia’s Deakin College, who writes about fantasy and race. In a 2017 interview with Pacific Standard, Younger argued that Tolkien’s thought of race as a tough actuality fairly than a social assemble was inherently racist, and whereas Tolkien could not have harbored extremist views personally, his work was full of examples of “good” races with European cultural traits and “unhealthy” races described via “orientalist stereotypes.”

A take a look at D&D’s “Participant’s Handbook” and online resource database gives a glimpse at how fashionable fantasy has internalized Tolkien’s concepts about race.

Elves, for example, are described nearly as good and sometimes depicted as white, aside from a subset of the species referred to as “drow,” who’re ebony-skinned, “extra usually evil than not” and infrequently referred to as “darkish elves.”

Half-orcs are equally described as having “an inclination in the direction of chaos” and “probably the most achieved half-orcs are these with sufficient self-control to get by in a civilized land.” 

A half-orc, as depicted in the fifth edition of D&D ”Player's Handbook.”



A half-orc, as depicted within the fifth version of D&D ”Participant’s Handbook.”

In April, “orcs” started trending on social media after D&D gamers analyzed sport pointers to play as a full-blooded orc. They identified that the language describing orcs was laden with biological essentialism — the concept that sure traits are innate and unchangeable — and pointed to guidelines that gave orc characters decrease intelligence, in addition to sentences that stated orcs may probably be “domesticated” however would at all times have “blood lust movement[ing] simply beneath the floor.” 

James Mendez Hodes, a sport designer and cultural advisor, wrote a complete evaluation of such language on his web site. He identified that Tolkien, broadly acknowledged because the creator of orcs, had initially described orcs in letters as “degraded and repulsive versions of the (to Europeans) least lovely Mongol-types.”

Subsequent fantasy media resembling D&D have since described orcs with the identical language used to denigrate nonwhite peoples of the actual world, particularly these of Asian or Black ethnicity. 

In a statement issued last week, Wizards of the Coast particularly addressed these considerations. The corporate stated it might downplay organic essentialism in future releases and would additionally emphasize numerous hiring. The corporate added that one in every of its objectives was to make sure that gamers would have the ability to “see optimistic reflections of themselves inside our merchandise, … not simply fantasy variations of northern Europeans.”

“All through the 50-year historical past of D&D, a number of the peoples within the sport — orcs and drow being two of the prime examples — have been characterised as monstrous and evil, utilizing descriptions which are painfully paying homage to how real-world ethnic teams have been and proceed to be denigrated,” the assertion stated. “That’s simply not proper, and it’s not one thing we consider in. Regardless of our aware efforts on the contrary, we’ve got allowed a few of these outdated descriptions to reappear within the sport. We acknowledge that to stay our values, we’ve got to do a good higher job in dealing with these points. If we make errors, our precedence is to make issues proper.”

Wizards of the Coast went on to focus on recent releases that painted a more nuanced version of orcs and drow and emphasised that the corporate had revised “racially insensitive” language in “Curse of Strahd,” a D&D e book that was launched in 2016, and “Tomb of Annihilation,” launched in 2017. The books characteristic the Vistani — an ethnic group rooted in tropes of the Roma folks — and Chult, a jungle area vaguely impressed by elements of Africa. Previous versions of the books referred to the Vistani as drunks and referred to as Chult a “savage” and “unique” land.

D&D followers on social media reacted to Wizards of the Coast’s assertion with a blended response. Some have been in favor of the adjustments; others referred to as them “political.” A number of voices argued that guarantees of respecting range rang hole as the corporate has had an alleged problem with hiring game designers of color up to now.

Sturtevant, Younger and Mendez Hodes greeted the announcement with a mix of cautious optimism and skepticism. 

“I believe this shift is an effective begin, however they need to go additional,” Sturtevant stated. “It’s an issue that [Wizards of the Coast] don’t appear to be eliminating their use of the time period ‘race’ altogether.”

Younger echoed this sentiment. “Racism isn’t simply adverse stereotypes; it’s also an underlying perception {that a} specific group of individuals have one thing inherently in frequent with one another and in addition that also they are inherently totally different from different teams,” she stated.

“The change in order that orcs and drow aren’t essentially evil is superficial if that racist logic of inherent distinction continues to be there,” Younger stated. She burdened that eradicating gameplay ideas resembling orc characters beginning with a decrease intelligence can be a “a lot greater step as a result of it may take away the essential logic of race.” (Wizards of the Coast indicated in its assertion that it might be transferring in the direction of this in future releases.)

“Hopefully the varied hiring will likely be greater than a token transfer,” Younger added. “Using folks of coloration from totally different backgrounds and genuinely valuing every thing that they create will make the sport extra unique, inventive and attention-grabbing, in addition to much less racist.”

Mendez Hodes stated it was very important to notice that Wizards’ announcement adopted years of advocacy and that many D&D followers of coloration who’ve criticized the sport up to now have been accused of “politicizing” it by different gamers who have been unwilling to see characters resembling orcs as something greater than disposable, evil enemies.

“For nearly all of D&D’s historical past, systemically oppressive norms masquerading as innocent enjoyable dominated each sport content material and group interactions,” Mendez Hodes informed HuffPost. “What I most need modified are the [D&D] group’s oppressive energy dynamics. Proper now, being ourselves and expressing our preferences invitations gatekeeping and vitriol from gamers whose enjoyable depends on unexamined cruelty to a sapient Different.”

Whereas it stays to be seen if Wizards of the Coast will actually make good on its goals, the corporate’s willingness to acknowledge its faults nonetheless provides Mendez Hodes hope.

“I do know D&D’s inventive crew will err many extra occasions on the way in which to fulfilling [its promises] — which is OK, in the event that they acknowledge and iterate on their errors graciously fairly than defensively,” he stated. “To degree up, D&D should spotlight weak gamers’ views. Solely once we could safely converse can they start to hear.”





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South Korean President Points Warning to North Korea


SEOUL—South Korean President Moon Jae-in on Thursday warned North Korea in opposition to conducting any armed assault on Seoul following a number of weeks of rising tensions which have dragged inter-Korean relations to their lowest level in years.

Mr. Moon’s stern remarks have been unusually robust for a president who has devoted the final three years to bettering relations with Pyongyang. Throughout that interval, he engaged North Korean chief Kim Jong Un in three summits and in 2018 facilitated the primary summit between a sitting U.S. president…



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California Points Statewide Masks Mandate As Coronavirus Instances Spike Amid Reopening – CBS Sacramento


SACRAMENTO (CBS13) — Californians are actually being required to put on masks statewide, in keeping with new steerage launched on Thursday by the general public well being division.

The requirement means everybody throughout the state are being mandated to put on face coverings when exterior their dwelling.

Gov. Gavin Newsom mentioned, in a press release, that he took the motion as a result of not sufficient folks have been selecting to put on masks in public – regardless of the urging of well being officers that face coverings will assist cease the unfold of coronavirus.

“Merely put, we’re seeing too many individuals with faces uncovered – placing in danger the actual progress now we have made in preventing the illness,” Newsom mentioned.

California, which has began to maneuver into part three of reopening, has began to see a brand new spike in confirmed coronavirus circumstances. On Wednesday, the state set a document of greater than 4,100 new confirmed COVID-19 circumstances.

The mandate is just like these already enacted by totally different jurisdictions throughout the state. Primarily, folks might want to put on a masks when in a state of affairs the place social distancing isn’t doable.

NEW APP: Download the new CBS Sacramento News app for iOS and Android

Which means that individuals are being required to put on masks when coming into any indoor public area (like a grocery retailer or selecting up meals from a restaurant), going to the physician’s or dentist’s workplace and taking public transportation, amongst different conditions.

Youngsters underneath two and folks with sure medical circumstances are amongst these exempt from having to put on a masks.

People who find themselves exterior exercising additionally don’t must put on a masks, however well being officers say they need to maintain a face protecting useful in case they get right into a state of affairs the place social distancing isn’t doable.

Diners sitting at eating places additionally don’t must put on masks underneath the mandate, so long as different events are sitting a minimum of six ft away.

Learn the complete masks requirement breakdown on the public well being division’s website.





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California Points Statewide Masks Mandate As Coronavirus Instances Spike Amid Reopening – CBS Sacramento


SACRAMENTO (CBS13) — Californians at the moment are being required to put on masks statewide, in keeping with new steering launched on Thursday by the general public well being division.

The requirement means everybody throughout the state are being mandated to put on face coverings when exterior their dwelling.

Gov. Gavin Newsom stated, in an announcement, that he took the motion as a result of not sufficient folks had been selecting to put on masks in public – regardless of the urging of well being officers that face coverings will assist cease the unfold of coronavirus.

“Merely put, we’re seeing too many individuals with faces uncovered – placing in danger the true progress we now have made in combating the illness,” Newsom stated.

California, which has began to maneuver into part three of reopening, has began to see a brand new spike in confirmed coronavirus circumstances. On Wednesday, the state set a report of greater than 4,100 new confirmed COVID-19 circumstances.

The mandate is much like these already enacted by totally different jurisdictions throughout the state. Primarily, folks might want to put on a masks when in a scenario the place social distancing isn’t doable.

NEW APP: Download the new CBS Sacramento News app for iOS and Android

Which means persons are being required to put on masks when coming into any indoor public house (like a grocery retailer or choosing up meals from a restaurant), going to the physician’s or dentist’s workplace and taking public transportation, amongst different conditions.

Kids below two and folks with sure medical circumstances are amongst these exempt from having to put on a masks.

People who find themselves exterior exercising additionally don’t must put on a masks, however well being officers say they need to preserve a face protecting useful in case they get right into a scenario the place social distancing isn’t doable.

Diners sitting at eating places additionally don’t must put on masks below the mandate, so long as different events are sitting not less than six toes away.

Learn the total masks requirement breakdown on the public well being division’s website.





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Egypt: Ethiopia rejecting ‘basic points’ on Nile dam


The three international locations have been holding talks for years, with out reaching a deal. These talks got here to an acrimonious halt in Feb. when Ethiopia rejected a U.S.-crafted deal and accused the Trump administration of siding with Egypt.

Ethiopia needs to start filling the dam’s reservoir within the coming weeks, however Egypt has raised considerations that submitting the reservoir behind the dam too rapidly might considerably scale back the quantity of Nile water out there to Egypt.

After months of impasse, Sudanese, Egyptian and Ethiopian water and irrigation ministers resumed talks final week, with observers attending from the U.S., the European Union and South Africa, which is the present head of the African Union.

Sudan’s Irrigation Ministry stated Saturday’s talks targeted on technical issues of the working of the dam and the filling of its large reservoir throughout wet seasons, droughts and extended droughts. It stated it can craft a draft paper based mostly on Egyptian and Ethiopian notes to be mentioned on Monday.

Egypt’s Irrigation Ministry stated the June 9-13 talks revealed the variations that stay with Ethiopia.

These points included Ethiopia’s “complete” rejection of addressing technical points associated to “the mitigation measures for droughts and extended droughts and measures to deal with extended dry years,” the ministry assertion stated. Ethiopia rejected to “the inclusion of a legally binding dispute decision mechanism,” it stated.

“Egypt reaffirmed that these are important elements in any settlement that pertains to an existential matter that impacts the lives of over 150 million residents of Egypt and Sudan,” the assertion stated.

Ethiopia’s Water and Vitality ministry stated the talks have achieved progress and they’re going to lead to “finalizing the method with a win-win consequence.” It stated

Mohammed el-Sebaei, a spokesman for Egypt’s Irrigation Ministry, stated Ethiopia rejected a Sudanese proposal final week that might be a foundation for negotiations between the three international locations. As an alternative, Addis Ababa launched a “worrisome” proposal that included its imaginative and prescient on the dam’s operation.

He stated Ethiopia lacks the “political will” to compromise a deal, and desires Egypt and Sudan to “abandon their water rights and to acknowledge Ethiopia’s proper to make use of the Blue Nile waters unilaterally and to fill and function the Renaissance Dam in accordance with its imaginative and prescient.”

“The proposal shouldn’t be legally and technically sound,” he advised reporters in Cairo. “It’s a clear try to impose a fait accompli on my downstream nation.”

Each Egypt and Sudan rejected the Ethiopian proposal, he stated.

The Ethiopian ministry stated el-Sebaei’s feedback have been “regrettable.” It stated that if the continued negotiations failed it could be due to “Egypt’s obstinacy to take care of a colonial based mostly water allocation settlement that denies Ethiopia and all of the upstream international locations their pure and legit rights.”

The Blue Nile flows from Ethiopia into Sudan the place it joins the White Nile close to the capital, Khartoum, to kind the Nile River. Eighty-five p.c of Nile waters originate in Ethiopia from the Blue Nile, which is likely one of the Nile’s two major tributaries.

Egypt final week known as for Ethiopia to “clearly declare that it had no intention of unilaterally filling the reservoir” and {that a} deal that was ready by the U.S. and the World Financial institution in February serves as the start line of the resumed negotiations.

The U.S. had crafted a draft deal in February after greater than 4 months of talks, and stated the ultimate testing and filling of the dam “shouldn’t happen with out an settlement.”

The impasse over the dam grew to become more and more bitter in latest months, with Egypt saying it could use “all out there means” to defend “the pursuits” of its individuals.

Ethiopia’s deputy military chief on Friday stated his nation will strongly defend itself and won’t negotiate its sovereignty over the disputed dam.

Copyright 2020 The Related Press. All rights reserved. This materials will not be printed, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed with out permission.



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