Nurses Who Battled Virus in New York Confront Associates Again House Who Say It’s a Hoax


“I’ve accomplished my half, so when you select to go, that’s on you,” Ms. Bernal stated she instructed her mom.

Heather Smith, a nurse from Topsail Island, off the coast of North Carolina, who labored at Elmhurst Hospital Middle in Queens, struggled to carry again tears when describing how she felt when her brother stated he didn’t consider the virus was actual. When Ms. Smith began typing a rant on Fb, she stated, “I spotted how offended I used to be.” She stated she couldn’t get out of her thoughts the photographs of sufferers who died alone: “Nobody understands how severe and the way traumatizing it’s.”

Courtney Sudduth, a nurse from Oklahoma Metropolis, stated that when she arrived in New York individuals from again house wished to know: Was it actually as dangerous because the information media made it sound? Sure, she would inform them, describing the 18-wheel refrigerated truck that was parked exterior Mount Sinai Beth Israel hospital in Manhattan and used to retailer our bodies.

Even that was not sufficient. Her grandmother in Mississippi nonetheless doesn’t put on a masks when she goes grocery purchasing, she stated. “Oh, I’ll be superb,” Ms. Sudduth recalled her grandmother as saying.

Certainly one of Ms. Sudduth’s brothers, who lives in Mississippi, believed conspiracy theories concerning the virus and continued to socialize at cookouts — till final month, she stated, when he got here down with the virus.

“That modified his thoughts,” Ms. Sudduth, 30, stated.

Even because the variety of coronavirus instances in Oklahoma has skyrocketed in current weeks, individuals round city nonetheless stare at her when she wears a masks. “Lots of people nonetheless have the mentality that that is being blown out of proportion,” she stated.

A hospital in Oklahoma Metropolis opened a brand new unit final week to accommodate the growing variety of virus sufferers. Sunday was Ms. Sudduth’s first day on the job.



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Two Mates in Texas Had been Examined for Coronavirus. One Invoice Was $199. The Different? $6,408.


The Trump administration has taken steps to restrict sufferers’ out-of-pocket prices for coronavirus testing and remedy, utilizing aid funds to reimburse providers for uninsured sufferers’ payments. Insurers are required to cowl sufferers’ coronavirus exams with no cost-sharing or co-payments. Alex Azar, the well being and human companies secretary, reiterated that dedication in a Sunday interview on CNN, saying, “If you’re uninsured, it is going to be lined by us.”

The testing expertise of the Texas group means that affected person expertise doesn’t all the time work out that manner. Some emergency rooms cost money costs and tack on testing charges that insurers usually are not required to cowl. The affected person who paid money truly obtained one of the best deal. Mr. Harvey has medical insurance however felt it might be a “problem” to make use of it for the coronavirus check. So he paid for his check with two $100 payments after receiving the nasal swab, and was on his manner.

  • Up to date June 24, 2020

    • Is it tougher to train whereas sporting a masks?

      A commentary published this month on the website of the British Journal of Sports Medicine factors out that overlaying your face throughout train “comes with problems with potential respiratory restriction and discomfort” and requires “balancing advantages versus doable adversarial occasions.” Masks do alter exercise, says Cedric X. Bryant, the president and chief science officer of the American Council on Train, a nonprofit group that funds train analysis and certifies health professionals. “In my private expertise,” he says, “coronary heart charges are greater on the identical relative depth whenever you put on a masks.” Some individuals additionally might expertise lightheadedness throughout acquainted exercises whereas masked, says Len Kravitz, a professor of train science on the College of New Mexico.

    • I’ve heard a few remedy known as dexamethasone. Does it work?

      The steroid, dexamethasone, is the first treatment shown to reduce mortality in severely ill patients, in line with scientists in Britain. The drug seems to scale back irritation brought on by the immune system, defending the tissues. Within the research, dexamethasone decreased deaths of sufferers on ventilators by one-third, and deaths of sufferers on oxygen by one-fifth.

    • What’s pandemic paid depart?

      The coronavirus emergency relief package offers many American employees paid depart if they should take time without work due to the virus. It offers certified employees two weeks of paid sick depart if they’re ailing, quarantined or in search of analysis or preventive look after coronavirus, or if they’re caring for sick relations. It offers 12 weeks of paid depart to individuals caring for youngsters whose faculties are closed or whose youngster care supplier is unavailable due to the coronavirus. It is the first time the United States has had widespread federally mandated paid leave, and contains individuals who don’t usually get such advantages, like part-time and gig financial system employees. However the measure excludes a minimum of half of private-sector employees, together with these on the nation’s largest employers, and offers small employers important leeway to disclaim depart.

    • Does asymptomatic transmission of Covid-19 occur?

      Up to now, the proof appears to point out it does. A broadly cited paper printed in April means that individuals are most infectious about two days earlier than the onset of coronavirus signs and estimated that 44 p.c of latest infections have been a results of transmission from individuals who weren’t but exhibiting signs. Not too long ago, a prime professional on the World Well being Group said that transmission of the coronavirus by individuals who didn’t have signs was “very uncommon,” but she later walked back that statement.

    • What’s the danger of catching coronavirus from a floor?

      Touching contaminated objects after which infecting ourselves with the germs will not be usually how the virus spreads. However it will possibly occur. A quantity of studies of flu, rhinovirus, coronavirus and different microbes have proven that respiratory sicknesses, together with the brand new coronavirus, can unfold by touching contaminated surfaces, notably in locations like day care facilities, workplaces and hospitals. However a protracted chain of occasions has to occur for the illness to unfold that manner. One of the best ways to guard your self from coronavirus — whether or not it’s floor transmission or shut human contact — remains to be social distancing, washing your arms, not touching your face and sporting masks.

    • How does blood sort affect coronavirus?

      A research by European scientists is the primary to doc a powerful statistical hyperlink between genetic variations and Covid-19, the sickness brought on by the coronavirus. Having Type A blood was linked to a 50 p.c improve within the probability {that a} affected person would wish to get oxygen or to go on a ventilator, in line with the brand new research.

    • How many individuals have misplaced their jobs attributable to coronavirus within the U.S.?

      The unemployment price fell to 13.three p.c in Might, the Labor Division mentioned on June 5, an surprising enchancment within the nation’s job market as hiring rebounded quicker than economists anticipated. Economists had forecast the unemployment price to extend to as a lot as 20 p.c, after it hit 14.7 p.c in April, which was the very best for the reason that authorities started conserving official statistics after World Conflict II. However the unemployment price dipped as a substitute, with employers including 2.5 million jobs, after greater than 20 million jobs have been misplaced in April.

    • What are the signs of coronavirus?

      Frequent signs include fever, a dry cough, fatigue and difficulty breathing or shortness of breath. A few of these signs overlap with these of the flu, making detection tough, however runny noses and stuffy sinuses are much less widespread. The C.D.C. has also added chills, muscle ache, sore throat, headache and a brand new lack of the sense of style or scent as signs to look out for. Most individuals fall ailing 5 to seven days after publicity, however signs might seem in as few as two days or as many as 14 days.

    • How can I defend myself whereas flying?

      If air journey is unavoidable, there are some steps you can take to protect yourself. Most necessary: Wash your arms usually, and cease touching your face. If doable, select a window seat. A study from Emory University discovered that in flu season, the most secure place to sit down on a aircraft is by a window, as individuals sitting in window seats had much less contact with probably sick individuals. Disinfect arduous surfaces. Once you get to your seat and your arms are clear, use disinfecting wipes to scrub the arduous surfaces at your seat like the pinnacle and arm relaxation, the seatbelt buckle, the distant, display screen, seat again pocket and the tray desk. If the seat is tough and nonporous or leather-based or pleather, you possibly can wipe that down, too. (Utilizing wipes on upholstered seats might result in a moist seat and spreading of germs fairly than killing them.)

    • What ought to I do if I really feel sick?

      If you’ve been exposed to the coronavirus or think you have, and have a fever or signs like a cough or issue respiratory, name a health care provider. They need to provide you with recommendation on whether or not you ought to be examined, the way to get examined, and the way to search medical remedy with out probably infecting or exposing others.


Ms. LeBlanc let the emergency room take {a photograph} of her insurance coverage card. She ended up with $6,408 in costs, largely from an out of doors lab known as Genesis Laboratory that dealt with her testing. She obtained explanation-of-benefit statements suggesting she would owe greater than $1,000.

Jay Lenner, who additionally obtained a drive-through check from the identical supplier, used his insurance coverage and obtained a equally lengthy record of costs. He remembers a supplier saying he’d be examined just for coronavirus, however invoice information present he was additionally screened for Legionnaires’ illness, herpes and enterovirus, amongst different issues.

The emergency room additionally charged him $1,684 for utilizing its facility and $634 to see considered one of its medical doctors. All instructed, he ended up with $5,649 in payments, of which his insurance coverage plan paid $4,914. Mr. Lenner didn’t find yourself on the hook for any of it, however he’s nonetheless annoyed. “Finally, we pay for this in greater premiums,” he mentioned.

Michelle Tribble, a spokeswoman for Austin Emergency Middle, mentioned it wanted to cost excessive costs as a result of insurers usually pay solely a small share of their charges.

“For emergency room visits, the reimbursement to us by insurance coverage firms is often a fifth or a 3rd of complete costs,” she mentioned. “If an insurance coverage firm have been to invoice a affected person for an out-of-network go to to our emergency room, our billing firm would go to bat for that affected person and would attraction on their behalf.”



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Ought to I get a coronavirus check earlier than seeing family and friends?


When Gina Lee-Satomi was eager about driving to Southern California final month to assist look after her aged mother and father and 100-year-old grandmother, she apprehensive that she or her son would possibly transmit the coronavirus to her kinfolk.

However Lee-Satomi, who lives in San Francisco and had been rigorously following stay-at-home orders, had struggled with a lingering, on-and-off cough since February. She wished to ensure it wasn’t the coronavirus earlier than she reunited along with her household. Each she and her 10-year-old son bought a coronavirus diagnostic check, and examined adverse, earlier than continuing to her mother and father’ residence, the place they plan to remain for a few weeks.

“I used to be like, ‘It might put my thoughts comfortable,’” mentioned Lee-Satomi, 47. “It made me really feel like I wasn’t going to by accident kill my household.”

Because the coronavirus pandemic stretches into its fourth month, protecting many households aside for longer than ever earlier than, many individuals are getting examined, or contemplating getting examined, earlier than seeing household and mates — particularly if they’ve kinfolk and mates who’re at greater threat of changing into gravely ailing due to age or power well being circumstances like diabetes or autoimmune issues.

Public well being officers haven’t issued any steering on whether or not individuals who do not need signs ought to get examined for this function. Officers usually advise testing for individuals who have COVID-19 signs and for individuals who do not need signs however who recurrently come into contact with sick sufferers, members of the general public, or high-risk people — corresponding to well being care staff, important staff and employees at nursing properties.

However now that entry to checks has vastly improved, in contrast with the early days of the pandemic, infectious illness consultants say it’s cheap for individuals to contemplate getting examined earlier than coming into contact with a member of the family, particularly if the member of the family is high-risk. However getting examined just isn’t a foolproof manner of making certain you’ll not transmit the virus.

A medical worker conducts tests at site in San Francisco. Some people are weighing tests before seeing family or friends.

“In the event you’re going to see an older relative, I can’t say you have to do it,” mentioned Dr. Yvonne Maldonado, chief of pediatric infectious ailments at Stanford College College of Medication. “I’d say it’s one thing you take into account doing. There’s one most important caveat. In the event you check your self now and also you’re adverse, you don’t know you’re going to be adverse if you see them. … It’d be good if let’s imagine, ‘Simply get a check and also you’ll be high-quality,’ however we don’t know that.”

If somebody will get examined and contracts the virus earlier than coming into contact with their pal or member of the family, they could nonetheless unfold the virus. To cut back the probability of that taking place, consultants advise getting examined as shut as attainable to the day you intend to return into contact with somebody. And take into account avoiding conditions the place you could be uncovered through the window in between getting examined and seeing them. After Lee-Satomi bought examined, as an example, she canceled a deliberate cherry-picking tour along with her son as a result of it was scheduled the day earlier than they drove to see her mother and father.

In the event you do come into contact with relations earlier than you’re capable of take a check, or earlier than you obtain the outcomes, put on a masks within the meantime, mentioned Dr. George Rutherford, head of the division of infectious illness and epidemiology at UCSF. Rutherford’s daughter, who lives in Virginia, did simply that when she got here residence to the Bay Space for a month in Might to stick with her mother and father.

“It wasn’t sensible to get a check there, so she bought on a aircraft, got here residence, the subsequent day we bought her examined,” he mentioned. “She wore a masks, the subsequent day bought the end result, took the masks off, that’s the place we’re. … I feel getting examined simply earlier than you come, or if you first get there, makes good sense to me. Till you may have a adverse check, maintain a masks on.”

There may be one other complication: It’s attainable to check adverse and nonetheless be contaminated with the coronavirus. This will occur if somebody will get examined too early within the virus’ life cycle, when the focus of viral particles is simply too low to be detected in a check. It takes about three days from the time of publicity to when virus particles are at excessive sufficient ranges to generate a optimistic end result.

A medical worker collects a sample at a coronavirus testing site in San Francisco.

Most false-negative outcomes occur as a result of individuals bought examined too early, earlier than there have been sufficient virus particles to be detected, not as a result of there was an issue with check efficiency, Rutherford mentioned.

Whether or not members of most people who do not need signs must be examined for the aim of reuniting with family and friends raises moral questions. Lee-Satomi did take into account whether or not she can be utilizing a useful resource wanted by well being care staff who ought to get examined recurrently. She wouldn’t have requested a check had she been planning to remain residence for the foreseeable future, she mentioned, however felt it was value doing as a result of she was going to see her growing older mother and father.

Rutherford mentioned there are sufficient testing sources now for well being care staff, and if somebody is taking a check to stop spreading the virus to a frail, high-risk particular person, they aren’t misusing it as a result of it’s for illness prevention.

Individuals are additionally weighing different components when in search of testing. Erik Utter simply moved from San Francisco to his mother and father’ residence in Calaveras County, and bought examined inside a number of days after he arrived. Utter, 29, didn’t have any signs however sought testing “extra as a peace of thoughts factor.” He examined adverse.

He is aware of San Francisco has been a lot more durable hit by the virus than Calaveras County — the town has about 2,600 instances, in contrast with Calaveras County’s 13 — and wished to ensure he didn’t unfold it to his mother and father and their mates in the neighborhood.

“God forbid I transfer up right here and there’s an outbreak two days later,” he mentioned.

A medical worker carries a sample to test for COVID-19 novel coronavirus at CityTestSF Soma in San Francisco, Calif. on Friday, June 5, 2020.

There isn’t any cut-and-dried technique with regards to getting examined earlier than reuniting with family and friends, Rutherford mentioned.

Somebody who has been strictly following stay-at-home orders for months might not want a check as a lot as somebody who has been out in crowds not too long ago with out a masks — corresponding to final week’s Black Lives Matter protests. Somebody who’s planning to see a member of the family for 30 minutes of their driveway might not want a check as a lot as somebody who’s planning to maneuver in to look after an ailing, immunosuppressed relative.

“These are all judgment calls,” Rutherford mentioned. “If I had been at a protest the final three days and never sporting a masks, can I get a check and go see grandma? I’d say, that may make me fear,” he mentioned. “I’d need you to attend 14 days and get examined on the finish of 14 days. If I’ve been sheltering in place and watching TV and sitting in my yard for 2 months and I’d prefer to see grandma, I’d say, OK, go get examined and see her.”

Catherine Ho is a San Francisco Chronicle employees author. Electronic mail: cho@sfchronicle.com Twitter: Cat_Ho



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Ought to I get a coronavirus check earlier than seeing family and friends?


When Gina Lee-Satomi was interested by driving to Southern California final month to assist take care of her aged dad and mom and 100-year-old grandmother, she fearful that she or her son may transmit the coronavirus to her family.

However Lee-Satomi, who lives in San Francisco and had been rigorously following stay-at-home orders, had struggled with a lingering, on-and-off cough since February. She wished to verify it wasn’t the coronavirus earlier than she reunited along with her household. Each she and her 10-year-old son bought a coronavirus diagnostic check, and examined detrimental, earlier than continuing to her dad and mom’ dwelling, the place they plan to remain for a few weeks.

“I used to be like, ‘It will put my thoughts comfy,’” mentioned Lee-Satomi, 47. “It made me really feel like I wasn’t going to by chance kill my household.”

Because the coronavirus pandemic stretches into its fourth month, retaining many households aside for longer than ever earlier than, many individuals are getting examined, or contemplating getting examined, earlier than seeing household and buddies — particularly if they’ve family and buddies who’re at larger danger of changing into gravely unwell due to age or continual well being situations like diabetes or autoimmune issues.

Public well being officers haven’t issued any steerage on whether or not individuals who would not have signs ought to get examined for this function. Officers usually advise testing for individuals who have COVID-19 signs and for individuals who would not have signs however who commonly come into contact with sick sufferers, members of the general public, or high-risk people — equivalent to well being care staff, important staff and employees at nursing properties.

However now that entry to checks has vastly improved, in contrast with the early days of the pandemic, infectious illness specialists say it’s affordable for folks to think about getting examined earlier than coming into contact with a member of the family, particularly if the member of the family is high-risk. However getting examined is just not a foolproof manner of guaranteeing you’ll not transmit the virus.

A medical worker conducts tests at site in San Francisco. Some people are weighing tests before seeing family or friends.

“Should you’re going to see an older relative, I can’t say you should do it,” mentioned Dr. Yvonne Maldonado, chief of pediatric infectious illnesses at Stanford College College of Medication. “I’d say it’s one thing you contemplate doing. There’s one important caveat. Should you check your self now and also you’re detrimental, you don’t know you’re going to be detrimental while you see them. … It’d be good if let’s imagine, ‘Simply get a check and also you’ll be high-quality,’ however we don’t know that.”

If somebody will get examined and contracts the virus earlier than coming into contact with their pal or member of the family, they might nonetheless unfold the virus. To cut back the chance of that occuring, specialists advise getting examined as shut as attainable to the day you propose to return into contact with somebody. And contemplate avoiding conditions the place you is likely to be uncovered throughout the window in between getting examined and seeing them. After Lee-Satomi bought examined, as an example, she canceled a deliberate cherry-picking tour along with her son as a result of it was scheduled the day earlier than they drove to see her dad and mom.

Should you do come into contact with relations earlier than you’re capable of take a check, or earlier than you obtain the outcomes, put on a masks within the meantime, mentioned Dr. George Rutherford, head of the division of infectious illness and epidemiology at UCSF. Rutherford’s daughter, who lives in Virginia, did simply that when she got here dwelling to the Bay Space for a month in Could to stick with her dad and mom.

“It wasn’t sensible to get a check there, so she bought on a airplane, got here dwelling, the subsequent day we bought her examined,” he mentioned. “She wore a masks, the subsequent day bought the outcome, took the masks off, that’s the place we’re. … I feel getting examined simply earlier than you come, or while you first get there, makes excellent sense to me. Till you already know you’ve got a detrimental check, hold a masks on.”

There’s one other complication: It’s attainable to check detrimental and nonetheless be contaminated with the coronavirus. This may occur if somebody will get examined too early within the virus’ life cycle, when the focus of viral particles is simply too low to be detected in a check. It takes about three days from the time of publicity to when virus particles are at excessive sufficient ranges to generate a optimistic outcome.

A medical worker collects a sample at a coronavirus testing site in San Francisco.

Most false-negative outcomes occur as a result of folks bought examined too early, earlier than there have been sufficient virus particles to be detected, not as a result of there was an issue with check efficiency, Rutherford mentioned.

Whether or not members of most people who would not have signs must be examined for the aim of reuniting with family and friends raises moral questions. Lee-Satomi did contemplate whether or not she could be utilizing a useful resource wanted by well being care staff who ought to get examined commonly. She wouldn’t have requested a check had she been planning to remain dwelling for the foreseeable future, she mentioned, however felt it was value doing as a result of she was going to see her growing older dad and mom.

Rutherford mentioned there are sufficient testing sources now for well being care staff, and if somebody is taking a check to forestall spreading the virus to a frail, high-risk particular person, they aren’t misusing it as a result of it’s for illness prevention.

Individuals are additionally weighing different elements when searching for testing. Erik Utter simply moved from San Francisco to his dad and mom’ dwelling in Calaveras County, and bought examined inside a couple of days after he arrived. Utter, 29, didn’t have any signs however sought testing “extra as a peace of thoughts factor.” He examined detrimental.

He is aware of San Francisco has been a lot more durable hit by the virus than Calaveras County — town has about 2,600 circumstances, in contrast with Calaveras County’s 13 — and wished to verify he didn’t unfold it to his dad and mom and their buddies locally.

“God forbid I transfer up right here and there’s an outbreak two days later,” he mentioned.

A medical worker carries a sample to test for COVID-19 novel coronavirus at CityTestSF Soma in San Francisco, Calif. on Friday, June 5, 2020.

There isn’t a cut-and-dried technique in the case of getting examined earlier than reuniting with family and friends, Rutherford mentioned.

Somebody who has been strictly following stay-at-home orders for months might not want a check as a lot as somebody who has been out in crowds lately with no masks — equivalent to final week’s Black Lives Matter protests. Somebody who’s planning to see a member of the family for 30 minutes of their driveway might not want a check as a lot as somebody who’s planning to maneuver in to take care of an unwell, immunosuppressed relative.

“These are all judgment calls,” Rutherford mentioned. “If I have been at a protest the final three days and never carrying a masks, can I get a check and go see grandma? I’d say, which may make me fear,” he mentioned. “I would need you to attend 14 days and get examined on the finish of 14 days. If I’ve been sheltering in place and watching TV and sitting in my yard for 2 months and I’d wish to see grandma, I’d say, OK, go get examined and see her.”

Catherine Ho is a San Francisco Chronicle employees author. Electronic mail: cho@sfchronicle.com Twitter: Cat_Ho



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Ought to I get a coronavirus take a look at earlier than seeing family and friends?


When Gina Lee-Satomi was occupied with driving to Southern California final month to assist take care of her aged mother and father and 100-year-old grandmother, she anxious that she or her son may transmit the coronavirus to her family members.

However Lee-Satomi, who lives in San Francisco and had been rigorously following stay-at-home orders, had struggled with a lingering, on-and-off cough since February. She needed to ensure it wasn’t the coronavirus earlier than she reunited along with her household. Each she and her 10-year-old son obtained a coronavirus diagnostic take a look at, and examined adverse, earlier than continuing to her mother and father’ house, the place they plan to remain for a few weeks.

“I used to be like, ‘It could put my thoughts comfy,’” mentioned Lee-Satomi, 47. “It made me really feel like I wasn’t going to unintentionally kill my household.”

Because the coronavirus pandemic stretches into its fourth month, preserving many households aside for longer than ever earlier than, many individuals are getting examined, or contemplating getting examined, earlier than seeing household and buddies — particularly if they’ve family members and buddies who’re at greater danger of turning into gravely sick due to age or power well being situations like diabetes or autoimmune problems.

Public well being officers haven’t issued any steering on whether or not individuals who should not have signs ought to get examined for this function. Officers typically advise testing for individuals who have COVID-19 signs and for individuals who should not have signs however who usually come into contact with sick sufferers, members of the general public, or high-risk people — similar to well being care employees, important employees and employees at nursing properties.

A medical worker conducts tests at site in San Francisco. Some people are weighing tests before seeing family or friends.

However now that entry to checks has vastly improved, in contrast with the early days of the pandemic, infectious illness specialists say it’s affordable for individuals to think about getting examined earlier than coming into contact with a member of the family, particularly if the member of the family is high-risk. However getting examined just isn’t a foolproof manner of guaranteeing you’ll not transmit the virus.

“If you happen to’re going to see an older relative, I can’t say you could do it,” mentioned Dr. Yvonne Maldonado, chief of pediatric infectious illnesses at Stanford College Faculty of Drugs. “I’d say it’s one thing you think about doing. There’s one essential caveat. If you happen to take a look at your self now and also you’re adverse, you don’t know you’re going to be adverse while you see them. … It’d be good if lets say, ‘Simply get a take a look at and also you’ll be tremendous,’ however we don’t know that.”

If somebody will get examined and contracts the virus earlier than coming into contact with their good friend or member of the family, they might nonetheless unfold the virus. To scale back the chance of that taking place, specialists advise getting examined as shut as doable to the day you intend to come back into contact with somebody. And think about avoiding conditions the place you is likely to be uncovered through the window in between getting examined and seeing them. After Lee-Satomi obtained examined, as an illustration, she canceled a deliberate cherry-picking tour along with her son as a result of it was scheduled the day earlier than they drove to see her mother and father.

If you happen to do come into contact with relations earlier than you’re in a position to take a take a look at, or earlier than you obtain the outcomes, put on a masks within the meantime, mentioned Dr. George Rutherford, head of the division of infectious illness and epidemiology at UCSF. Rutherford’s daughter, who lives in Virginia, did simply that when she got here house to the Bay Space for a month in Could to stick with her mother and father.

“It wasn’t sensible to get a take a look at there, so she obtained on a aircraft, got here house, the subsequent day we obtained her examined,” he mentioned. “She wore a masks, the subsequent day obtained the outcome, took the masks off, that’s the place we’re. … I believe getting examined simply earlier than you come, or while you first get there, makes excellent sense to me. Till you recognize you have got a adverse take a look at, preserve a masks on.”

There’s one other complication: It’s doable to check adverse and nonetheless be contaminated with the coronavirus. This will occur if somebody will get examined too early within the virus’ life cycle, when the focus of viral particles is just too low to be detected in a take a look at. It takes about three days from the time of publicity to when virus particles are at excessive sufficient ranges to generate a optimistic outcome.

Most false-negative outcomes occur as a result of individuals obtained examined too early, earlier than there have been sufficient virus particles to be detected, not as a result of there was an issue with take a look at efficiency, Rutherford mentioned.

Whether or not members of most of the people who should not have signs ought to be examined for the aim of reuniting with family and friends raises moral questions. Lee-Satomi did think about whether or not she could be utilizing a useful resource wanted by well being care employees who ought to get examined usually. She wouldn’t have requested a take a look at had she been planning to remain house for the foreseeable future, she mentioned, however felt it was value doing as a result of she was going to see her getting old mother and father.

Rutherford mentioned there are sufficient testing sources now for well being care employees, and if somebody is taking a take a look at to forestall spreading the virus to a frail, high-risk particular person, they don’t seem to be misusing it as a result of it’s for illness prevention.

Persons are additionally weighing different elements when looking for testing. Erik Utter simply moved from San Francisco to his mother and father’ house in Calaveras County, and obtained examined inside a number of days after he arrived. Utter, 29, didn’t have any signs however sought testing “extra as a peace of thoughts factor.” He examined adverse.

A medical worker collects a sample at a coronavirus testing site in San Francisco.

He is aware of San Francisco has been a lot more durable hit by the virus than Calaveras County — the town has about 2,600 instances, in contrast with Calaveras County’s 13 — and needed to ensure he didn’t unfold it to his mother and father and their buddies locally.

“God forbid I transfer up right here and there’s an outbreak two days later,” he mentioned.

There isn’t a cut-and-dried technique on the subject of getting examined earlier than reuniting with family and friends, Rutherford mentioned.

Somebody who has been strictly following stay-at-home orders for months might not want a take a look at as a lot as somebody who has been out in crowds not too long ago with out a masks — similar to final week’s Black Lives Matter protests. Somebody who’s planning to see a member of the family for 30 minutes of their driveway might not want a take a look at as a lot as somebody who’s planning to maneuver in to take care of an sick, immunosuppressed relative.

“These are all judgment calls,” Rutherford mentioned. “If I have been at a protest the final three days and never sporting a masks, can I get a take a look at and go see grandma? I’d say, that may make me fear,” he mentioned. “I’d need you to attend 14 days and get examined on the finish of 14 days. If I’ve been sheltering in place and watching TV and sitting in my yard for 2 months and I’d prefer to see grandma, I’d say, OK, go get examined and see her.”

Catherine Ho is a San Francisco Chronicle employees author. E-mail: cho@sfchronicle.com Twitter: Cat_Ho



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An Official ‘Mates’ Cookbook Is Coming, So Get Prepared For Beef Trifle And Extra


Oh. My. God. An official “Mates” cookbook is coming. 

Greater than 16 years for the reason that final episode of the beloved sitcom aired, “Mates: The Official Cookbook” is about for launch on Sept. 22 ― the 26th anniversary of the present.

Written by chef Amanda Yee, the e book will characteristic over 70 recipes impressed by the collection, together with iconic treats like Monica Geller’s Friendsgiving feast, Phoebe Buffay’s “particular” cookie recipe from her grandma, Chandler Bing’s “milk you may chew,” Joey Tribbiani’s favourite meatball sub and Ross Geller’s cherished moist-maker sandwich.

And naturally, no “Mates” cookbook may very well be with out Rachel Green’s extremely questionable beef trifle, as a result of “What’s to not like?”

The e book announcement is a pleasant shock after the long-hoped-for “Mates” reunion introduced earlier this 12 months was postponed. The HBO Max Particular, which was presupposed to be filmed in entrance of a dwell studio viewers in March, has been delayed indefinitely as a result of pandemic.

The cookbook is accessible to pre-order on Amazon.

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Chrissy Teigen Calls Out Her Thirsty Wealthy Pals Asking For Free Stuff



Chrissy Teigen sees you begging for freebies, wealthy individuals, and he or she doesn’t approve. 

After exhibiting off “Cravings” packages — which included cooking gear from her signature line — that she despatched to influential associates like Ali Wong, Kourtney Kardashian and Shay Mitchell, Teigen revealed Monday night time on her Instagram tales that some individuals needed one in all their very own. 





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Syria’s Assad Defeated His Foes. Now He Targets His Associates.


For 9 years, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has waged a brutal civil conflict in opposition to his enemies and allowed his associates to revenue from it. Now, he’s squeezing those self same allies to solidify energy and make sure the financial system stays afloat as the prices of rebuilding from the battle pile up.

Mr. Assad has been concentrating on greater than a dozen pro-regime cash males, in a shakedown that has touched industries from actual property to telecommunications and vitality and imparted the message that he alone dictates Syria’s future.



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Syria’s Assad Defeated His Foes. Now He Targets His Pals.


For 9 years, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has waged a brutal civil conflict towards his enemies and allowed his pals to revenue from it. Now, he’s squeezing those self same allies to solidify energy and make sure the economic system stays afloat as the prices of rebuilding from the battle pile up.

Mr. Assad has been focusing on greater than a dozen pro-regime cash males, in a shakedown that has touched industries from actual property to telecommunications and power and imparted the message that he alone dictates Syria’s future.



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Syria’s Assad Defeated His Foes. Now He Targets His Mates.


For 9 years, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has waged a brutal civil battle in opposition to his enemies and allowed his buddies to revenue from it. Now, he’s squeezing those self same allies to solidify energy and make sure the economic system stays afloat as the prices of rebuilding from the battle pile up.

Mr. Assad has been concentrating on greater than a dozen pro-regime cash males, in a shakedown that has touched industries from actual property to telecommunications and vitality and imparted the message that he alone dictates Syria’s future.



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